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Gretchen Frazee Gretchen Frazee. An eye-witness from black attorney B. The 99th anniversary of that bloodshed, now known as the Tulsa Race Massacre, passed a few weeks ago with limited attention amid nationwide protests against police brutality and systemic racism. Then President Donald Trump announced his plan to hold a rally in that city on a day heavy with historical ificance — Friday, June 19, also known as Juneteenthan unofficial holiday that commemorates the day in when a Union general read the Emancipation Proclamation in Galveston, Texas, aling to slaves living in the farthest reaching U.
The day has been celebrated by black Americans since the late s. The planned rally sparked outrage. In response, the Trump administration moved the event back a day to Saturday. A concentration of doctors and lawyers, movie theaters, pool hall, restaurants, barber shops, beauty salons. The intersection of Greenwood Avenue and Archer Street in What made the square-block Greenwood District stand out was also what made it the target of the violent attack: black prosperity was seen as a threat to white supremacy. Williams, sitting in a Norwalk automobile.
John was an engineer for Thompson Ice Cream Company. Loula was a teacher in Fisher. By others, he grabbed her arm. Some people said he tripped and grabbed her arm to steady himself. The newspaper said claimed Rowland attacked her and tore her clothes. Whatever the reason, screamed, and the police were called. Rowland was later arrested on suspicion of sexual assault.
The rumors spread quickly, escalating to allegations of rape. Black residents, who feared Rowland would be lynched because Tulsa had a history of vigilantism, headed to the courthouse to try to intervene. Law enforcement tapped white civilians as their deputies, giving them guns and ammunition, which fueled more violence. Four men watching a burning business block located on the west side of North Cincinnati Avenue during the Tulsa Race Massacre.
That night and into the next day, black residents were shot in the street. Their homes and shops in the Greenwood District were looted and destroyed. Some s indicate white residents used their private airplanes to drop fire bombs onto black properties.
The aftermath of the Tulsa Race Massacre. State troopers then made their way into town and disarmed the white residents, but nearly all of Greenwood was already destroyed. Like much of American history involving violence against black Americans, the Tulsa Race Massacre is not common knowledge, especially among white Americans. Only a few months ago, the Oklahoma State superintendent announced the state would give teachers a curriculum to incorporate the history of the massacre into their lessons. Stubblefield first learned of her connection to the Tulsa Race Massacre when her family was talking about their genealogy.
Since then, as a forensic anthropologist with the University of Florida, she became part of the Tulsa Race Riot Commission.
The commission was disbanded in after it issued its final report. But next month, Stubblefield and other researchers are planning to excavate parts of Tulsa where they believe victims of the massacre have been buried. In Tulsa, present-day protesters are again confronting police violence. In addition to expressing grief and anger over the death of George Floyd, local activists have focused on the killing of local resident Terence Crutcherwho was shot during a traffic stop in The officer who killed him was acquitted of manslaughter.
The suffering black Tulsans faced in — and feel today — is personal for Kristi Williams, a tour guide in the historic Greenwood District. Her great aunt was in a Greenwood theater when the violence broke out, and her brother died from an asthma attack while in prison, where she said prison guards did nothing to help him. He points out that some white Tulsa residents who employed black residents hid them in their homes to protect them from the white mob. Red Cross and church volunteers also cared for the victims. I want people to feel able.
And while the Tulsa Race Massacre is a story of trauma and the horrors of racism, it is also a story of resilience. Within a handful of years, the Greenwood District was largely rebuilt, despite being denied any compensation from the city, state or insurance companies for their lost property.
Greenwood Avenue circa following its reconstruction from the Tulsa Race Massacre. The resilience of black Tulsans is reflected in B. Support Provided By: Learn more. Nation Jun Friday, Aug The Latest. World Agents for Change. Health Long-Term Care. For Teachers. About Feedback Funders Support Jobs. Close Menu. Address Subscribe. What do you think? Leave a respectful comment.
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The Heart of Black Tulsa